Location of the craters in Chaco Province, Argentina. The craters' age is estimated as 4,0005,000 years. The craters, containing iron masses, were reported in 1576, but were already well known to the aboriginal inhabitants of the area. The craters and the area around contain numerous fragments of an iron meteorite.
The total weight of the pieces so far recovered is about 100 tonnes, making the meteorite possibly the heaviest one ever recovered on Earth. The largest two fragments, the 30.8-ton Gancedo and 28.8-ton El Chaco, are among the heaviest single-piece meteorite masses recovered on Earth, along with the 60-ton Hoba and a 31-ton fragment of the Cape York meteorite. In 1576, the governor of a province in Northern Argentina commissioned the military to search for a huge mass of iron, which he had heard that Natives used for their weapons. The Natives claimed that the mass had fallen from the sky in a place they called.Which the Spanish translated as. The expedition found a large mass of metal protruding out of the soil. They assumed it was an iron mine and brought back a few samples, which were described as being of unusual purity. The governor documented the expedition and deposited the report in the Archivo General de Indias in Seville, but it was quickly forgotten and later reports on the area merely repeated the Native legends. Following the legends, in 1774 Don Bartolomé Francisco de Maguna rediscovered the iron mass which he called el Meson de Fierro ("the Table of Iron"). Maguna thought the mass was the tip of an iron vein. The next expedition, led by Rubin de Celis in 1783, used explosives to clear the ground around the mass and found that it was probably a single stone. Celis estimated its mass as 15 tonnes and abandoned it as worthless.
He himself did not believe that the stone had fallen from the sky and assumed that it had formed by a volcanic eruption. Those samples were later analyzed and found to contain 90% iron and 10% nickel and assigned to a meteoritic origin.
Later, many iron pieces were found in the area weighing from a few milligrams to 34 tonnes. A mass of about 1 tonne known as. A 634 kilograms (1,398 lb) portion of this mass was taken to Buenos Aires in 1813 and later donated to the British Museum. Other large fragments are summarized in the table below. Was originally 3,090 kilograms (6,810 lb), but the largest remaining fragment weighs 1,998 kilograms (4,405 lb).
The second-largest mass of 28,840 kg named El Chaco. Was located in 1969 at a depth of 5 meters (16 ft) using a metal detector. It was extracted in 1980 and estimated to weigh around 37 tonnes.
This stone was at the time the second heaviest single-piece meteorite after the Hoba meteorite (Namibia) which weighs 60 tonnes. However, the total mass of the Campo del Cielo fragments found so far exceeds 60 tonnes, making it the heaviest meteorite ever recovered on Earth. In 1990 a local Argentine highway police officer foiled a plot by Robert Haag to steal El Chaco. In 2015, police arrested four alleged smugglers trying to steal more than a ton of protected meteorites. In 2016, the largest single piece of the Campo del Cielo meteorite was unearthed.
Named the Gancedo meteorite after the nearby town of Gancedo which lent equipment to aid in the extraction, this nickel-iron meteorite has a mass of 30,800 kg. Originally, it was thought to weigh less than "El Chaco". Due to a suspected lack of precision when "El Chaco" was weighed in 1980, the latter was then reweighed with the same instruments and it was discovered that it only had a mass of 28,840 kg, thus less than Gancedo. The meteorite impact, age and composition.Campo del Cielo iron meteorite with natural hole, 576 grams. 92.9% Fe, 6.7% Ni, 0.4% Co. Chaco Province and Santiago del Estero Province. 4,0005,000 years ago. A crater field of at least 26 craters was found in the area, with the largest being 115 by 91 meters (377 by 299 ft). The field covered an area of 3 by 18.5 kilometers (1.9 by 11.5 mi) with an associated strewn area of smaller meteorites extending farther by about 60 kilometers (37 mi). At least two of the craters contained thousands of small iron pieces. Such an unusual distribution suggests that a large body entered the Earth's atmosphere and broke into pieces which fell to the ground. The size of the main body is estimated as larger than 4 meters in diameter. The fragments contain an unusually high density of inclusions for an iron meteorite, which might have facilitated the disintegration of the original meteorite. Samples of charred wood were taken from beneath the meteorite fragments and analyzed for carbon-14 composition. The results indicate the date of the fall to be around 4,2004,700 years ago, or 2,2002,700 years BC. The age is estimated to be 4.5 billion years old, formed as part of the development of our solar system. The average composition of the Campo del Cielo meteorites is 6.67% Ni, 0.43% Co, 0.25% P, 87 ppm Ga, 407 ppm Ge, and 3.6 ppm Ir, with the remaining 92.6% being iron. Major fragments of the Campo del Cielo meteorite. El Meson de Fierro or Otumpa (missing). El Wichí or Meteorito Santiagueño. NEW CAMPO DEL CIELO METEORITE 5.09 LB" is in sale since Friday, July 10, 2020.
This item is in the category "Collectibles\Rocks, Fossils & Minerals\Meteorites & Tektites". The seller is "indyangie70" and is located in Jacksonville, Florida. This item can be shipped to United States.